Activity 6 (A6) aims at estimating (1) valley-level trade-offs between economic return and ecosystem services and (2) farm-level opportunity costs for farmers that uptake alternative patch configuration scenarios. The former are relevant to assess alternative scenarios on a multi-criteria basis; the latter will help discussing current and alternative policy designs to support greening of the CAP and, in particular, EFA. A multi-criteria analysis, integrating both economic and ecosystem services objectives, will follow to identify the best scenario.